Violence against women (VAW) has been far worse than a vile virus, and it can be equated to a vicious pandemic in which the world has never gained ground. The magnified call by national and transnational agents for the validation of robust gender-violence legislation across the globe is an upshot from the incessant fiasco by numerous nations to engender a meaningful alternative for victims of inexorable gender violence.
The pertinent question remains unanswered: what laws safeguard women from deep-rooted gender-based violence presently exist and how fortified are they?
The four forms of violence against women are rape, marital rape, domestic violence, and sexual harassment. A study was conducted on 196 countries from 2007 to 2010 to measure the cogency of domestic legal guarantees against these four variants of VAW in these particular countries.
A well-founded comprehensive legal protection was observed in Europe and North America. This does not mean that these countries are the Elysian Fields for women, which does not require any improvement.
But an interesting element is that those countries where women possess a magnified economic decision-making power, the enforcement of VAW-specific legal protections are more robust.
At the same time, West Asia provides an inadequate legal protection, and the daunting aspect is that Western Asia accounts for 21% of the countries across the globe with marital rape laws crashing when juxtaposed to the others. This region also accounted for 44% of the countries that contributed to domestic violence.
The most robust legal protection is made available in case of rape, followed by domestic violence, sexual harassment, and finally, marital rape. A fascinating discovery is that as the percentage of women in the legislature escalates about 10 percent, it is directly proportional to countries adopting complete legal protection against domestic violence and sexual harassment.
This is because various studies provide a contrary picture stating that these women from elite families do not engender any change in agenda.
The magnified economic globalization is analogous to reduced sexual harassment legal protections. The legal protections enforced at the workplace enkindle trade liberalization; however, the flip side is that this can cause women to not speak of sexual harassment to remain competitive with their contemporaries.
The adoption of international law can escort a significant difference in making your legal protections more robust. Suppose a country ratifies the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).
In that case, these countries are more inclined to adopt thorough legal protection against domestic violence. Those countries with fortified laws have reduced gender-based inequality, amplified human development, and diminished female HIV rates.